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Surroundings

To the north of the province of Huelva, one places "Sierra of Aracena and Picos of Aroche", declared as such in 1989, on a coarse surface closely of 200.000 hectares that include all twenty-eight municipalities, in which more than 40 thousand people live.

A landscape in which all the scales of green colour predominant, crossed by an endless number of natural paths and ancient cattle was of which more than 600 kilometres are signed; paths and ways that still nowadays continue communicating the innumerable villages and hamlets of the zone.
The relative proximity to the Atlantic Ocean of this mountainous barrier gives a system of rains superior to that of the coastal zone.
The summers in the sierra are very agreeable, whereas in winter the average temperature is 8ºC, few days the thermometer gets off 0ºC.


The grove of evergreen oaks is the vegetable plant domineering community, in minor measurement we find immense forests of chestnut-trees populated with ferns in the shady zones. In a bit more humid zones, for its bigger altitude the alcornocal, is the most extensive. In the valleys close to the permanent courses of water, the landscape prospers with the presence of such trees of Bank as black poplars, alder-trees, willows and ash-trees. Finally in the fertile plaines of the valleys near to the villages the gardens of fruit trees appear, completing with its fruits, its leafs and its flowers the wide scale of colours that offer these highland landscapes.

These landscapes allow the existence of a varied fauna. Besides numerous kinds of amphibians, reptiles and birds, these sierras are inhabited by mammals predators, as the wildcat or pertaining to deer, the mongoose, the weasel, the marten, the genet and the fox, emphasizing the presence, though scanty, of the lynx. It stand out the wild boar and the deer recently got in some zones where they were skimping. Numerous greedy birds furrow the highland skies as the real eagles, perdigueras, culebreras and causeway, the ratonero, the real owl and the tawny vulture. The presence deserves to be indicated, within Aroche, a colony of black vultures.
Hundreds of kilometres of walls or enclosures of stones, ways and stone pavements, water mills, fountains , watering places for farm animals, wells, irrigation ditches, ponds, etc. All of them shape a Rural Patrimony of an incalculable value whose conservation deserves the respect of all.


Most of the inhabitants live directly on the agrarian sector, principally on of the cattle in extensive regime, mainly the pig and the bovine. The agricultural traditional utilizations, though in declivity, are the olive grove and, in the middle zone of the park , the chestnut grove. As the most typical forest product stands out the cork, bark of the blockhead which is extracted every nine years.
The magnificent products of the Iberian pork grant universal reputation to these lands, without forgetting other exquisitenesses of the highland gastronomy, like the mushrooms (gurumelos, tentullos, tanas or niscalos).


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